Poster: SOC Poster Session 3 on Sunday, July 23, 2023, 5:15 PM

Room: Exhibit Hall

Thread: Diversity

Duration: 90 minutes

Chairs: Christine Tang, Sandra Volken

Support: Martha Toy

Using Participatory System Dynamics Modeling to Address Complex Conservation Challenges: Tiger Farming as a Case Study

Presenters: Erica Rieder, Birgit Kopainsky

Conservation practitioners protect biodiversity within complex social-ecological systems, yet often have an inadequate understanding of the consequences of decision making. Participatory system dynamics (SD) synthesizes research and local knowledge while helping groups develop new insights. Wild tigers are severely threatened by poaching to meet consumer demand. Opinions differ on how the farming of tigers influences poaching of wild tigers. My research works with international conservation partners in a virtual participatory SD modeling process. My poster will present the final CLD from this research and summarize preliminary insights from the modeling process.

Shifting the Burden of Essential Medicine Stockouts in Nigerian Public Healthcare Supply Chains

Presenters: Dr Ben Matellini, Prof Ian Jenkinson, Robyn Pyne, Ramatu Abdulkadir, Prof Trung Thanh Nguyen

Medicine stockouts continue to hamper the treatment of patients, leading to a loss of confidence in Nigerian hospitals. This study aimed to understand the system archetype that prevents medicine availability in hospitals to achieve Universal Health Coverage. In-depth semi-structured interviews with supply chain managers and stakeholders from five public healthcare supply chains were used in a system dynamic modelling method to model and simulate the drug revolving fund program. The insights from the simulations show that the DRF program is trapped in a shifting the burden archetype dilemma. The reactive levers of emergency procurement and government funding prevented the DRF program from providing medicines for patient care. Digitalising supply chains and strategic procurement partnerships are proposed as policies to reduce stockouts.This study is a unique approach of using in-depth interviews and elicitation workshops to understand the system archetypes of medicine stockouts in revolving public healthcare fund programs in Nigeria. This study proposes a conceptual model of the medicine stockout archetype and policies to avoid shifting the burden of improving medicine availability.

Climate Displacement: Where do we go from here?

Presenters: Emily Nabong, Aaron Opdyke, Jeff Walters

This research presents a framework of how different systems thinking methodologies were used to better understand the problem of climate displacement. This study breaks the research into three main components: a systematic literature review, a survey of experts, and a system dynamics model. The findings from the systematic literature review and survey of experts are discussed, as well as how they have been built upon to inform the system dynamics model. In this paper, we aim to highlight how the progression of methodologies used strengthens the culminating model developed, while also sharing specific results on the topic of climate migration. The system dynamics model is not yet completed, but an overview of proposed methodology and expected results are shared as a work in progress.

Reflective Modeling to Generate School Change

Presenter: Joseph Ching

This study investigates how individuals in operational roles can change systems through a personal reflection of a charter school fellow. Through the collection of qualitative data serving in roles from front office, teacher support, administration to governance support, the author used modeling as a reflective tool to understand the system he was operating in. Viable system modeling, causal loop diagrams and cognitive mapping tools helped elucidate underlying structures, leverage points and positional power. The process revealed how cognitive mapping was an empowering way to develop systems awareness and promote positive relationships. The experience serves as a case study proving entry-level roles can practice advocacy for high-leverage interventions and systems awareness building to generate systems change.

Long-term recovery pathways and socioeconomic adaptation to ongoing Taranaki volcanism

Presenter: Martyna Wala

Recent studies show that Mt. Taranaki is likely to generate national-scale consequences for New Zealand in the near future and that volcanic activity may last for years, decades, or even centuries. The study focuses on understanding how communities, businesses, and government may navigate through the long-term recovery phase from the Taranaki eruption under conditions of ongoing exposure to natural hazards. Unlike recovery from linear, static, one-off hazardous events, the Taranaki recovery path will have a complex, nonlinear, and dynamic structure and will be influenced by many factors, such as, e.g., compound risk, unintended consequences of decision-making, and complexity of the socioeconomic system. To tackle these challenges, a better understanding of the socioeconomic system and its elements is necessary. The study employs a multi-method, participatory System Dynamics approach.

Case Studies of Capacity Building and System Insights for Obesity Prevention using Community Based System Dynamics

Presenter: Andrew Brown

The term “community-based system dynamics” (CBSD) is being used increasingly commonly in the public health literature to describe working with communities to address local health and wellbeing issues using system dynamics. CBSD as originally documented is a long-term capacity building effort over the course of multiple projects. While there are some case studies in the academic literature documenting long-term use of CBSD, many examples describe a onetime group model building (GMB) project. A longer term view is needed to research important constructs related to CBSD, such as community capacity building in system dynamics, communities of practice that emerge around models, and community demand for simulation modelling. As public health continues to embrace CBSD as a method for advancing community health over time, there is a need to document and evaluate CBSD projects longitudinally to continue to develop best practices.