Duration: 60 minutes
Chairs: Christine Tang, Cherie Dirk
Presenter: Ismay Bax
Perfectionists regularly experience problems when making decisions and with staying committed to their choices (Mallinger, 2009). Perfectionists have unreasonably high standards, towards which they strain compulsively, and measure their self-worth in terms of accomplishment (Burns, 1980; Pyszczynski & Cox, 2004). Since perfectionists measure their self-worth in terms of accomplishment, perfectionists can experience short-term fluctuations in self-worth stability due to self-evaluative emotional reactions to events of accomplishment (Kernis, 2005). The inability to retain choice commitment can leave perfectionists unable to observe the accomplishment that could result from their choice if they had committed to it. Without the needed sense of accomplishment a perfectionist’s self-worth can decrease. This makes perfectionists susceptible to anxiety, depression, eating disorders, and even suicidal ideation (Burns, 1980; Crocker, 2002; Kernis, 2005; Levine, 2012; Pyszczynski & Cox, 2004; Ramsey & Ramsey, 2002). This paper proposes the use of System Dynamics as a modelling tool to explain the interrelationship of the various mechanisms that are part of the underlying structure which causes perfectionists to be unable to stay committed to their own choices. Furthermore, the dynamic hypothesis and the resulting behavior may help perfectionists to better understand themselves and may aid in the perfectionist’s ability to retain choice commitment.
Presenters: Mahla Rashidian, Nuno Videira
Systems thinking (ST) is a methodology used to explore and understand the interrelationships within complex systems. One of the key concepts in systems thinking is the feedback loop. This paper aims to assess the effectiveness of system dynamics-based interactive learning environments (SD/ILE), during participatory modeling workshops to support ST skills development. We will use the literal understanding of the casual relations and feedback loop processes as the measure indicator during the study. This case references the civilization collapse as a complex system to study the “overshoot and collapse” concept. The choice of developing the participatory workshop around the main structure and behavior for overshoot and collapse is twofold: first, it is an essential factor for the natural resource management, and second, corresponding to the current environmental crisis, it is crucial for learning about consumption processes, as well as to provide a real-world context to conceptualize takeaway messages. This empirical research will be performed with a cohort of higher education students, evaluating causal relation learning based on comparing the learning outcomes in treatment and control groups.